The Exchange Process Step By Step
Investors unfamiliar with 1031 Exchanges may envision the process as being intimidating and difficult. In reality, it doesn’t have to be. In order to successfully complete an exchange, investors must simply follow the following basic steps:
Set up an Exchange Account
The 1031 Exchange account MUST be opened before close of escrow on the property being sold. Waiting until the last minute is not recommended, but if your Intermediary choice is Asset Exchange Company (AEC), they can open a ‘rush’ account if necessary.
Insert the Appropriate Language into the Sales Contract
The appropriate 1031 language should be added to the Purchase & Sale contract for the property being sold. AEC, if they are your chosen Intermediary, can provide you with such language if necessary.
Execute the Exchange Agreement
At the close of escrow, your chosen Intermediary is to coordinate with the escrow company to obtain all of the necessary signatures on all exchange documentation.
Locate Replacement Property
The most difficult process of the exchange can often be finding the right replacement property within the required timeframe. The IRS requires that potential replacement property is identified on or before day 45 of the exchange and property must be acquired on or before day 180 of the exchange.
Submit 45 Day Identification Letter
The Identification Letter MUST be submitted no later than day 45 of the exchange. All potential replacement properties must be identified in writing in an unambiguous manner.
Request Funds for Deposits
Money for deposits can be disbursed from the exchange account. Clients are required to send their 1031 Exchange Intermediary the “Disbursement Form” indicating how much money needs to be distributed and to whom. Deposits can also come from the clients personal funds and then reimbursed to the client at the closing of the property.
Submit “Replacement Property Form”
Once a replacement property has been decided upon and there is likelihood of closing, the exchanger (the person selling and buying new property) will need to submit the “Replacement Property Form” to their chosen Intermediary indicating who they are working with to buy the property.
Obtain Appropriate Signatures
At the close of escrow of the replacement property, your chosen Intermediary needs to work with the new escrow company to obtain all appropriate signatures for all exchange documentation.
Depending on the nature of the transaction, additional steps may need to take place. If your chosen Intermediary is Asset Exchange Company they will work closely with the client to ensure a successful transaction.